The ‘National Emblem of India’ is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath. Sarnath is near Varansi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The Lion Capital was erected in the third century BC by Emperor Ashoka. The national emblem of India is symbolic of contemporary India’s reaffirmation of its ancient commitment to world peace and goodwill.
In the emblem adopted by the government in 1950 only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus, with a bull on the right and a galloping horse on the left. Outlines of Dharma Chakras on the extreme right and left. The bell-shaped lotus beneath the abacus has been omitted. Usually inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script is the motto Satyameva Jayate (“Truth Alone Triumphs”). This is a quote from Mundaka Upanishad, the concluding part of the sacred Hindu Vedas.