Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’ was born on 11th November, 1888. His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. His father’s name was Maulana Khairuddin, who lived in Bengal. His mother’s name was Alia, who was an Arabian. He was married to Juleikha at the age of thirteen.Maulana Azad was a journalist, author, poet and philospher. He started to publish the newspaper ‘Al-Hilal’ in the year 1912. Al-Hilal played an important role in forging Hindu-Muslim unity. He wrote many works, reinterpreting the holy Quran. He played an active role in the freedom movement of India. He became the first Education Minister of independent India.Maulana Azad died on 22nd February, 1958. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India’s highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in 1992. His birth anniversary 11th November is declared as National Education Day by the Government of India.