Lal Bahadur Shastri’ was born on 2nd October, 1904 at Mughal Sarai, Uttar Pradesh, India. His father’s name was Sharda Prasad, who was a school teacher and later became a clerk in the Revenue Office at Allahabad. His mother’s name was Ramdulari Devi. He was hardly an year old when he lost his father. After the death of his father, his mother took him and his two sisters to her parent’s house.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was educated at Mughalsarai and Varanasi. He graduated with a first-class degree from the Kashi Vidyapeeth. He was given the title ‘Shastri’. He offered Satyagraha and was sentenced to imprisonment at different times. He joined the Indian independence movement in the 1921. He was deeply impressed and influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. Lastly, India became independent on 15th August, 1947. He became the second Prime Minister of India after Jawahar Lal Nehru.
Lal Bahadur Shastri showed rare quality of courage and determination during India-Pakistan war. He gave a slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kissan’. He was the first person to be posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, A memorial ‘Vijay Ghat’ was built for him in Delhi. Shastri was known for his honesty and humility throughout his life. He died on 11th Jan, 1966 at Tashkent, USSR. Lal Bahadur Shastri was truly a great man who gave less importance to himself.